Italy and Russia will begin their 2014 series away from home in February.
The draw in Paris on Wednesday has Italy traveling to the United States, and Russia will go to Australia for the first time since 1998.
Italy beat the U.S. in the 2009 and 2010 finals and in the first round this year.
Also, the Czech Republic, champion in 2011 and 2012, will visit Spain and Slovakia will host Germany.
The 2013 Fed Cup final between Italy and Russia will be held in November in Cagliari, Sardinia. Italy and Russia have won seven Fed Cup titles between them since 2000.